I had the same problem after 4h experimenting I manage to fix it by going to
Tools => Options => Debug and turning on Use Managed Compatibility Mode
Found better workaround
Tools => Options => Debug and turning on Use the legacy C# and VB expression evaluatorsThis one doesn’t turn off some new features like “Diagnostic Tools”.
This walk through will show you how to combine the features of Visual Studio 2013 with the Apache Cordova CTP 3.1, AngularJS, Ionic, and Adobe PhoneGap to create, build, and deploy a hybrid mobile app.
While Microsoft is hard at work putting the final touches on Visual Studio 2015 support for web based mobile apps, you can get started today if you know how to put the right pieces together. This primer is intended to get you up and running building a hybrid mobile app using tools available today including Visual Studio 2013, Apache Cordova, AngularJS, the Ionic Framework, and Adobe Phone Build.
Visit – http://www.wintellect.com/devcenter/paulballard/build-your-first-hybrid-mobile-app-with-visual-studio-2013-angularjs-ionic-and-adobe-phonegap#
Happy Coding 🙂